Italy is known for its amazing landscapes, delicious fare, and impressive architecture. It is also the capital city and the country’s most popular comune. If you are planning a trip to beautiful Rome, you will want to ensure that you see the area’s top sights. Check out the following landmarks and attractions in Rome, Italy.
Located in the center of Rome, the Colosseum is an oval amphitheater built of tuff, brick-faced concrete and travertine limestone. It was built in 70-80 AD and was the biggest amphitheater ever built at the time. At full capacity, the building could hold 50,000 to 80,000 spectators. Today, you can tour the iconic structure which once held exotic animals, gladiators and other forms of entertainment.
St. Peter’s Basilica
The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter, or Saint Peter’s Basilica, has been called “the greatest church in Christendom.” The Renaissance church in the Vatican is thought to be where Saint Peter who was one of twelve apostles of Jesus was buried. It is also believed that Saint Peter was Rome’s first bishop. While in Rome, visit the church in Vatican City. Inside St Peter’s is many pieces of Renaissance and Baroque art, including Michelangelo’s Pieta and the statue of St. Longinus in the crossing.
Once a Roman temple, the Pantheon is now a Catholic church built in 113-125 AD. The Pantheon is the best preserved and influential structure in ancient Rome. When it was built thousands of years ago, it was dedicated to the gods of pagan Rome. Inside, you will discover amazing architecture and monumental tombs set into the walls. As this is a religious place, there is a strict request for silence at all times. However, you are allowed to take photos.
Situated in the Trevi district, the Trevi Fountain is a massive structure standing 85 feet tall and nearly 65 feet wide. The fountain was designed by architect from Italy named Nicola Salvi and was completed by several individuals, including Giuseppe Pannini. The Trevi Fountain is the biggest Baroque fountain in the region and is widely known around the world. Go on a walking tour around the Trevi Fountain and admire its beauty.
The Roman Forum, also known as the Forum Romanum in Latin, is a rectangular-shaped forum that is surrounded by the ruins of ancient government buildings. You can find the Roman Forum in the center of Rome. When you purchase a ticket to see the Roman Forum, you will also receive one to see the Colosseum next door.
See one of the most impressive collections of art in the Vatican Museums. The public art and sculpture museums can be found in the Vatican City and contain more than 70,000 works in which only 20,000 are on display. The museums were founded in the early 16th century by Pop Julius II and are a must-see while in Rome.
Traveling to Rome, Italy
If you are taking a trip to Rome, Italy, be sure to see the top sights in the city. From ancient churches to museums chocked full of amazing artwork and artifacts, the history in Rome is immense.
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